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Problems of society essay

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Art Therapy Essays and Term Papers. 421 Essays on of society, Art Therapy. Documents 301 - 325. PEST analysis SWOT analysis Where do you want your yoga to take you? At Pure, we help you identify your abilities and goals through a detailed personal assessment, and then provide a defining road map for your journey. We travel alongside you . In this essay I will compare and contrast two ancient three-dimensional sculptures. The first is The Laocoon Group; it is a masterpiece of the Hellenistic Age in Greece. This sculpture dates back to the 1st Century BC.

This sculpture now resides in the . 1 Lost in Translation or Gained in ОК» О«_ Creation: Classical Chinese Poetry Re-Created as English Poetry1 Roslyn Joy Ricci Centre for Asian Studies University of Adelaide Introduction The well-known Robert Frost2 witticism that poetry is what disappears in . For nearly 3,000 years since around 3,100 BC, Egypt held a polytheistic (multiple gods) belief system. Their sun god (variously called Amon, Re (Ra), or Aten), was considered greater than other Egyptian deity. Equally important was the Nile River. Which . My topic is a book by Gyrgy Moldova, who is a well-known writer of our country. The title of the book is The Diary. The diary of of society essay, Ernesto Che Guevara that is known as the Bolivian diary around the world. 2011. It is about Guevara and problems of society essay, his group of guerrillas . The Arts That Shaped America: Arts of the 1920s. Essay. Art by definition is the conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the sense of beauty, specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium.

Whether it was . Sleep and Death In Greek Art An in problems of society depth study in . Commedia Dell Arte and Џ†±О__ _йЈ ОсИ_џИ, Influences on problems of society, Modern Theatre. Commedia dell Arte is an interesting form of bible essay, . Intro In late Antiquity the problems essay, arts consisted of the seven artes liberales, the liberal arts: Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, Geometry, Arithmetic, Astronomy, and Music. Philosophy was the mother of them all. And Second. On a lower level stood the technical arts like . ART CRITICISM PAPER The Grafin von Schonfeld with her Daughter by Elizabeth Louise Vigee-LeBrun In the problems essay, University Of Arizona Museum Of Art , the Pfeiffer Gallery is displaying many art pieces of oil on canvas . On The. . emerge into the world of arts . These were the Rococo style, followed by the Neoclassical style. Although both completely different from each other, both helped to clear the path toward the problems, modern world of art we have today. The differences . Reporting Essay. . a bronze Buddha statue, the essay, Buddhist art forms that were periodically introduced from China and essay, Korea were tempered in the crucible of local custom and usage, to yield a rich tradition of religious art . The role. Skills needed in this mission: Basic understanding of sql injection, including the problems, commands used to modify existing tables Ok, the ОсИ_џИ, first thing to do in this mission is, the same as in every other mission, explore the site and see what you can find. Now . . promote science and the useful arts (Copyright).

In the age of . . Essay. . His words and actions toward Art and bible, especially Mala tacitly reveal a . I found The Earl of Louisiana by problems essay A. Competition 2011. J. Liebling to be detailed. I enjoyed his flow of words in structure and description. I like how he wrote to embed himself within. It was easy to read. I liked his comedy and character choices. He knew how to rope in . Plato and the Affect of Art and Poetry.

Plato and the Affect of Art and Poetry In the of society, Republic . The arts, in many different forms, played a major role in the events and outcomes of competition 2011, both Emmas and Annas life. The arts impacted major decisions in both of the essay, characters lives. Whether it was an initial spark or a driving force, art played many roles . Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€. The CAU Art Gallery is a shining dedication to of society essay the black experience in the collective history of the US, and the world. Bible Essay. The pieces contained within the CAU Art Gallery are of the finest quality and importance. The works are donated by friends of the . Zen in the Art of Archery, by Eugen Herrigel describes the ritualistic arts of discipline and focus that the Zen religion focuses around.

In this book, Herrigel describes many aspects of how archery is, in fact, not a sport, but an art form, and is very . Baroque Art: Protestant Vs. Catholic. Baroque: Protestant vs. Catholic Before the purity of Neoclassicism, even before the carefree artists of the Rococo era, there was the dramatic and emotive Baroque. The term baroque is said to have been derived from the Portuguese word for an . Rock and Roll as a Performing Art. Introduction Rock and Roll, Rock 'n' Roll, also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals, often with harmony, electric guitars, a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles.

It . Electronic Arts - Marketing Concept. TO: Susan Campbell, Course Co-ordinator REP/2/2007 FROM: Bartosz Walkiewicz DATE: 5 October 2007 MARKETING CONCEPT IN ELECTRONIC ARTS 1.0 TERMS OF REFERENCE The report will present an implementation of the marketing concept into business strategy of problems, . Recently, the practice of massage therapy has grown remarkably in the . 10-10-06 Campus Engagement The Art of the Interview Blane Ruschak is a recruiter for a major accounting firm. Their closest office is located in Nashville, Tennessee. He has visited Western Kentucky University several times over essay secret the past four years. He . Get Access to 87,000+ Essays and Term Papers Join 179,000+ Other Students High Quality Essays and Documents.

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Network Management System: Best Practices White Paper. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. The International Organization for essay, Standardization (ISO) network management model defines five functional areas of network management. This document covers all functional areas. Secret? The overall purpose of this document is to provide practical recommendations on each functional area to problems increase the overall effectiveness of current management tools and practices. It also provides design guidelines for future implementation of bible network management tools and technologies. The ISO network management model's five functional areas are listed below. Fault ManagementDetect, isolate, notify, and correct faults encountered in of society, the network. Configuration ManagementConfiguration aspects of network devices such as configuration file management, inventory management, and software management. Performance ManagementMonitor and measure various aspects of performance so that overall performance can be maintained at an acceptable level.

Security ManagementProvide access to network devices and corporate resources to authorized individuals. Accounting ManagementUsage information of network resources. The following diagram shows a reference architecture that Cisco Systems believes should be the minimal solution for managing a data network. Economic? This architecture includes a Cisco CallManager server for those who plan to manage Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP): The diagram shows how you would integrate the of society essay CallManager server into the NMS topology. The network management architecture includes the О«_ following: Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) platform for fault management. Performance monitoring platform for long term performance management and problems essay, trending. CiscoWorks2000 server for configuration management, syslog collection, and hardware and software inventory management.

Some SNMP platforms can directly share data with the CiscoWorks2000 server using Common Information Model/eXtensible Markup Language (CIM/XML) methods. CIM is a common data model of an implementation-neutral schema for reporting essay, describing overall management information in a network/enterprise environment. CIM is comprised of a specification and a schema. The specification defines the problems essay details for integration with other management models such as SNMP MIBs or Desktop Management Task Force Management Information Files (DMTF MIFs), while the schema provides the actual model descriptions. XML is a markup language used for representing structured data in bible essay, textual form. A specific goal of of society essay XML was to keep most of the descriptive power of SGML whilst removing as much of the complexity as possible. Essay? XML is similar in concept to HTML, but whereas HTML is used to convey graphical information about a document, XML is essay, used to represent structured data in essay on the secret sharer, a document. Cisco's advanced services customers would also include Cisco's NATkit server for additional proactive monitoring and troubleshooting. The NATkit server would either have a remote disk mount (rmount) or file transfer protocol (FTP) access to the data residing on the CiscoWorks2000 server.

The Network Management Basics chapter of the Internetworking Technology Overview provides a more detailed overview regarding network management basics. The goal of fault management is to problems of society essay detect, log, notify users of, and (to the extent possible) automatically fix network problems to keep the network running effectively. Because faults can cause downtime or unacceptable network degradation, fault management is perhaps the essay on the sharer most widely implemented of the ISO network management elements. A network management platform deployed in essay, the enterprise manages an bible topics infrastructure that consists of multivendor network elements. The platform receives and processes events from network elements in the network. Events from servers and other critical resources can also be forwarded to a management platform. The following commonly available functions are included in a standard management platform: Topology mapping of network elements.

Performance data collector and grapher. Management data browser. Network management platforms can be viewed as the main console for problems essay, network operations in detecting faults in the infrastructure. The ability to detect problems quickly in any network is critical. Network operations personnel can rely on a graphical network map to ОК» ОсИ_џИ display the operational states of critical network elements such as routers and switches. Network management platforms such HP OpenView, Computer Associates Unicenter, and SUN Solstice can perform a discovery of network devices. Each network device is problems of society, represented by gun control and second a graphical element on the management platform's console.

Different colors on problems of society essay the graphical elements represent the current operational status of network devices. Network devices can be configured to send notifications, called SNMP traps, to network management platforms. Upon receiving the notifications, the graphical element representing the network device changes to a different color depending on the severity of the notification received. The notification, usually called an essay event, is placed in a log file. It is particularly important that the most current Cisco Management Information Base (MIB) files be loaded on the SNMP platform to ensure that the problems of society various alerts from Cisco devices are interpreted correctly. Cisco publishes the quality world MIB files for managing various network devices.

The Cisco MIB files are located on the website, and essay, include the essay topics following information: MIB files published in SNMPv1 format. MIB files published in SNMPv2 format. Supported SNMP traps on Cisco devices. OIDs for essay, Cisco current SNMP MIB objects. A number of on the network management platforms are capable of managing multiple geographically distributed sites. This is accomplished by exchanging management data between management consoles at remote sites with a management station at the main site. The main advantage of a distributed architecture is that it reduces management traffic, thus, providing a more effective usage of bandwidth.

A distributed architecture also allows personnel to locally manage their networks from remote sites with systems. A recent enhancement to problems essay management platforms is the ability to remotely management network elements using a web interface. And Second Amendment Essay? This enhancement eliminates the need for special client software on individual user stations to access a management platform. A typical enterprise is comprised of different network elements. However, each device normally requires vendor-specific element management systems in order to effectively manage the network elements. Therefore, duplicate management stations may be polling network elements for problems of society, the same information. Quality World? The data collected by different systems is stored in separate databases, creating administration overhead for of society essay, users. This limitation has prompted networking and reporting essay, software vendors to adopt standards such as Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) to facilitate the exchange of management data between management platforms and element management systems. With vendors adopting standards in management system development, users can expect interoperability and cost savings in deploying and managing the infrastructure. CORBA specifies a system that provides interoperability between objects in a heterogeneous, distributed environment and in a manner that is problems of society essay, transparent to the programmer.

Its design is based on the Object Management Group (OMG) object model. Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) and and second amendment, system log (syslog) servers are crucial components of a troubleshooting infrastructure in network operations. The TFTP server is used primarily for problems of society, storing configuration files and on the sharer, software images for problems, network devices. Routers and amendment essay, switches are capable of sending system log messages to a syslog server. The messages facilitate the troubleshooting function when problems are encountered. Of Society Essay? Occasionally, Cisco support personnel need the syslog messages to perform root cause analysis.

The CiscoWorks2000 Resource Management Essentials (Essentials) distributed syslog collection function allows for the deployment of world several UNIX or NT collection stations at remote sites to of society essay perform message collection and filtering. The filters can specify which syslog messages will be forwarded to the main Essentials server. ОК» ОсИ_џИ? A major benefit of implementing distributed collection is the reduction of messages forwarded to the main syslog servers. The purpose of fault management is to detect, isolate, notify, and correct faults encountered in the network. Network devices are capable of of society alerting management stations when a fault occurs on the systems. An effective fault management system consists of quality world several subsystems. Fault detection is accomplished when the devices send SNMP trap messages, SNMP polling, remote monitoring (RMON) thresholds, and syslog messages. A management system alerts the end user when a fault is of society, reported and corrective actions can be taken. Traps should be enabled consistently on network devices. Additional traps are supported with new Cisco IOS software releases for routers and switches.

It is quality world, important to check and update the configuration file to ensure the proper decoding of traps. A periodic review of configured traps with the Cisco Assured Network Services (ANS) team will ensure effective fault detection in problems of society, the network. The following table lists the CISCO-STACK-MIB traps that are supported by, and economic essay competition 2011, can be used to monitor fault conditions on, Cisco Catalyst local area network (LAN) switches. Environmental monitor (envmon) traps are defined in essay, CISCO-ENVMON-MIB trap. The envmon trap sends Cisco enterprise-specific environmental monitor notifications when an economic competition 2011 environmental threshold is exceeded. When envmon is used, a specific environmental trap type can be enabled, or all trap types from the environmental monitor system can be accepted. Problems? If no option is specified, all environmental types are enabled.

It can be one or more of the following values: voltageA ciscoEnvMonVoltageNotification is bible essay, sent if the voltage measured at problems of society essay, a given test point is Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» О«_, outside the of society normal range for reporting essay, the test point (such as is at the warning, critical, or shutdown stage). shutdownA ciscoEnvMonShutdownNotification is sent if the environmental monitor detects that a test point is reaching a critical state and is about to initiate a shutdown. supplyA ciscoEnvMonRedundantSupplyNotification is sent if the redundant power supply (where extant) fails. fanA ciscoEnvMonFanNotification is sent if any one of the fans in problems, the fan array (where extant) fails. temperatureA ciscoEnvMonTemperatureNotification is sent if the temperature measured at a given test point is outside the normal range for the test point (such as is at world essays, the warning, critical, or shutdown stage). Fault detection and monitoring of network elements can be expanded from the device level to the protocol and interface levels. For a network environment, fault monitoring can include Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN), asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), fault indications on physical interfaces, and so forth. Protocol-level fault management implementation is available using an element management system such as the CiscoWorks2000 Campus Manager. The TrafficDirector application in Campus Manager focuses on switch management utilizing mini-RMON support on Catalyst switches. With an increasing number of network elements and problems essay, complexity of network issues, an event management system that is capable of correlating different network events (syslog, trap, log files) may be considered.

This architecture behind an reporting essay event management system is comparable to a Manager of Managers (MOM) system. A well-designed event management system allows personnel in the network operations center (NOC) to be proactive and effective in detecting and diagnosing network issues. Problems Of Society Essay? Event prioritization and suppression allow network operation personnel to focus on critical network events, investigate several event management systems including the Cisco Info Center, and Џ†±О__ ОК» О«_, conduct a feasibility analysis to fully explore the capabilities of such systems. Essay? To obtain more information, go to the Cisco Info Center. Proactive Fault Monitoring and Notification. RMON alarm and event are two groups defined in the RMON specification.

Normally, a management station performs polling on network devices to determine the status or value of certain variables. Reporting Essay? For example, a management station polls a router to find out the central processing unit (CPU) utilization and generate an essay event when the value hits reaches a configured threshold. This method wastes network bandwidth and can also miss the Џ†±О__ ОсИ_џИ О«_ actual threshold depending on the polling interval. With RMON alarm and problems, events, a network device is world, configured to monitor itself for rising and falling thresholds. At a predefined time interval, the network device will takes a sample of a variable and compares it against problems of society, the thresholds. An SNMP trap can be sent to a management station if the actual value exceeds or falls below the configured thresholds. RMON alarm and event groups provide a proactive method of managing critical network devices. Cisco Systems recommends implementing RMON alarm and event on Џ¬___€ _йЈ О«_ critical network devices. Monitored variables can include CPU utilization, buffer failures, input/output drops, or any variables of Integer types.

Starting with Cisco IOS Software Release 11.1(1), all router images support RMON alarm and event groups. For detailed information about RMON alarm and event implementation, refer to the RMON Alarm and Event Implementation section. RMON memory usage is constant across all switch platforms relating to statistics, histories, alarms, and of society essay, events. RMON uses what is competition 2011, called a bucket to problems essay store histories and statistics on the RMON agent (which is the switch in this case). The bucket size is defined on the RMON probe (SwitchProbe device) or RMON application (TrafficDirector tool), then sent to the switch to Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ ОК» ОсИ_џИ О«_ be set. Approximately 450 K of code space is needed to support mini-RMON (for example, four RMON groups: statistics, history, alarms, and events).

The dynamic memory requirement for RMON varies because it depends on the runtime configuration. The following table defines the problems of society essay runtime RMON memory usage information for each mini-RMON group. *RMON uses what is called a bucket to store histories and statistics on the RMON agent (such as a switch). RMON Alarm and Event Implementation. By incorporating RMON as part of a fault management solution, a user can proactively monitor the network before a potential problem occurs. For example, if the _йЈ number of broadcast packets received increases significantly, it can cause an increase in CPU utilization. By implementing RMON alarm and event, a user can set up a threshold to monitor the number of broadcast packets received and alert the of society essay SNMP platform by means of an SNMP trap if the configured threshold is reached.

RMON alarms and events eliminate the excessive polling normally performed by the SNMP platform for accomplishing the same goal. Two methods are available from which to essay on the configure RMON alarm and event: Command-line interface (CLI) The following sample procedures show how to set a threshold to monitor the number of problems broadcast packets received on an interface. The same counter is used in these procedures as is shown in the show interface command example at the end of this section. To implement RMON alarm and event using the CLI interface, perform the following steps: Find the gun control and second interface index associated with Ethernet 0 by walking the ifTable MIB. Obtain the OID associated with the CLI field to problems essay be monitored. On The? For this example, the OID for 'broadcasts' is The Cisco OIDs for problems of society, specific MIB variables are available from the essay website. Determine the following parameters for setting up thresholds and events.

rising and falling thresholds. sampling type (absolute or delta) action when threshold is reached. For the purpose of this example, a threshold is being set up to problems monitor the number of broadcast packets received on Ethernet 0. A trap will be generated if the number of essay 2011 broadcast packets received is greater than 500 between 60-second samples. The threshold will be reactivated when the essay number of input broadcasts does not increase between samples taken. Note: For detailed about these command parameters, check the Cisco Connection Online (CCO) documentation for RMON alarm and secret, event commands for problems of society essay, your particular Cisco IOS version. Specify the trap sent (RMON event) when the threshold is reporting essay, reached using the following CLI commands (The Cisco IOS commands are displayed in bold): rmon event 1 trap gateway description High Broadcast on Ethernet 0 owner cisco.

rmon event 2 log description normal broadcast received on ethernet 0 owner cisco. Specify the of society essay thresholds and relevant parameters (RMON alarm) using the following CLI commands: rmon alarm 1 ifEntry.12.1 60 delta rising-threshold 500 1. falling-threshold 0 2 owner cisco. Use SNMP to gun control amendment poll these tables to verify that the eventTable entries were made on the device. Use SNMP to poll these tables to verify that the alarmTable entries were set. In order to implement RMON alarm and of society essay, event with the SNMP SET operation, complete these steps: Specify the trap sent (RMON event) when the threshold is reached using the following SNMP SET operations:

Specify the thresholds and relevant parameters (RMON alarm) using the following SNMP SET operations: Poll these tables to verify that the eventTable entries were made on the device. Poll these tables to bible topics verify that the alarmTable entries were set. This example is a result of the show interface command. gateway show interface ethernet 0. The goal of configuration management is to of society monitor network and system configuration information so that the effects on network operation of various versions of hardware and software elements can be tracked and managed. With an increasing number of network devices deployed, it is critical to be able to accurately identify the gun control and second location of a network device.

This location information should provide a detailed description meaningful to those tasked with dispatching resources when a network problem occurs. To expedite a resolution if a network problem occurs, make certain to have available contact information of the person or department responsible for the devices. Problems Of Society Essay? Contact information should include telephone number and the name of the person or department. Naming conventions for network devices, starting from device name to individual interface, should be planned and implemented as part of the configuration standard. A well defined naming convention provides personnel with the ability to provide accurate information when troubleshooting network problems. The naming convention for devices can use geographical location, building name, floor, and so forth. For the interface naming convention, it can include the segment to which a port is connected, name of connecting hub, and so forth.

On serial interfaces, it should include actual bandwidth, local data link connection identifier (DLCI) number (if Frame Relay), destination, and the circuit ID or information provided by the carrier. When you add new configuration commands on existing network devices needs, you must verify the commands for integrity before actual implementation takes place. An improperly configured network device can have a disastrous effect on network connectivity and performance. Configuration command parameters must be checked to avoid mismatches or incompatibility issues. It is advisable to schedule a thorough review of configurations with Cisco engineers on a regular basis. A fully functional CiscoWorks2000 Essentials allows for backing up configuration files on routers and Cisco Catalyst switches automatically. The security feature of reporting essay Essentials can be used to perform authentication on configuration changes. Of Society? A change audit log is available to track changes and essay on the, the user name of individuals issuing changes. For configuration changes on multiple devices, two options are available: the web-based NetConfig in the current version of CiscoWorks2000 Essentials or the cwconfig script. Configuration files can be downloaded and uploaded using CiscoWorks2000 Essentials utilizing the predefined or user-defined templates.

These functions can be accomplished with the configuration management tools in CiscoWorks2000 Essentials: Push configuration files from the Essentials configuration archive to a device or multiple devices. Pull the of society configuration from the device to the Essentials archive. Extract the latest configuration from the archive and write it to a file. Import configuration from a file and essay, push the configuration to essay devices. Compare the last two configurations in the Essentials archive. Delete configurations older than a specified date or version from the archive. Copy the startup configuration to the running configuration. The discovery function of most network management platforms is intended to provide a dynamic listing of devices found in the network.

Discovery engines such as those implemented in network management platforms should be utilized. An inventory database provides detailed configuration information on and second network devices. Common information includes models of hardware, installed modules, software images, microcode levels, and so on. All these pieces of problems essay information are crucial in completing tasks such as software and hardware maintenance. The up-to-date listing of network devices collected by the discovery process can be used as a master list to essay topics collect inventory information using SNMP or scripting. A device list may be imported from CiscoWorks2000 Campus Manager into the inventory database of CiscoWorks2000 Essentials to obtain an up-to-date inventory of Cisco Catalyst switches. A successful upgrade of Cisco IOS images on of society essay network devices requires a detailed analysis of the requirements such as memory, boot ROM, microcode level, and Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОсИ_џИ О«_, so on. The requirements are normally documented and of society, available on Cisco's web site in the form of release notes and installation guides. The process of upgrading a network device running Cisco IOS includes downloading a correct image from on the secret sharer CCO, backing up the current image, making sure all hardware requirements are met, and then loading the new image into the device.

The upgrade window to complete device maintenance is essay, fairly limited for some organizations. In a large network environment with limited resources, it might be necessary to schedule and automate software upgrades after business hours. Reporting Essay? The procedure can be completed either using scripting language such as Expect or an application written specifically to of society perform such a task. Changes to software in network devices such as Cisco IOS images and gun control amendment essay, microcode versions should be tracked to assist in the analysis phase when another software maintenance is required. With a modification history report readily available, the person performing the upgrade can minimize the risk of problems of society essay loading incompatible images or microcode into bible network devices. A service level agreement (SLA) is a written agreement between a service provider and their customers on the expected performance level of network services. The SLA consists of metrics agreed upon between the provider and problems of society essay, its customers.

The values set for the metrics must be realistic, meaningful, and measurable for both parties. Various interface statistics can be collected from bible network devices to measure the performance level. These statistics can be included as metrics in the SLA. Statistics such as input queue drops, output queue drops, and ignored packets are useful for diagnosing performance-related problems. At the device level, performance metrics can include CPU utilization, buffer allocation (big buffer, medium buffer, misses, hit ratio), and memory allocation.

The performance of problems essay certain network protocols is directly related to buffer availability in network devices. Essay Sharer? Measuring device-level performance statistics are critical in optimizing the performance of higher-level protocols. Network devices such as routers support various higher-layer protocols such as Data Link Switching Workgroup (DLSW), Remote Source Route Bridging (RSRB), AppleTalk, and so forth. Performance statistics of wide-area network (WAN) technologies including Frame Relay, ATM, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), and of society, others can be monitored and collected. Performance Monitoring, Measurement, and gun control amendment essay, Reporting.

Different performance metrics at the interface, device, and problems essay, protocol levels should be collected on a regular basis using SNMP. Gun Control And Second Essay? The polling engine in of society, a network management system can be utilized for data collection purposes. Most network management systems are capable of Џ†±О__ ОсИ_џИ О«_ collecting, storing, and presenting polled data. Various solutions are available in the marketplace to address the of society needs of performance management for enterprise environments. These systems are capable of collecting, storing, and presenting data from network devices and servers. The web-based interface on essay secret most products makes the performance data accessible from anywhere in the enterprise. Some of the commonly deployed performance management solutions include: An evaluation of the above products will determine if they meet the requirements of different users.

Some vendors support integration with network management and system management platforms. For example, InfoVista supports the BMC Patrol Agent to provide key performance statistics from application servers. Each product has a different pricing model and problems of society, capabilities with the base offering. Support for performance management features for Cisco's devices such as NetFlow, RMON, and Cisco IOS Service Assurance Agent/Response Time Reporter (RTR/SAA CSAA/RTR) is available on some solutions. Concord has recently added support for Cisco's WAN switches that can be used to collect and bible topics, view performance data. The CSAA/RTR Service Assurance Agent (SAA)/Response Time Reporter (RTR) feature in Cisco IOS can be utilized for measuring the response time between IP devices.

A source router configured with CSAA configured is capable of problems of society measuring the response time to a destination IP device that can be a router or an quality essays IP device. The response time can be measured between the source and the destination or for each hop along the path. SNMP traps can be configured to of society essay alert management consoles if the economic response time exceeds the predefined thresholds. Recent enhancements to Cisco IOS extends the capabilities of CSAA to of society measure the following: HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) service performance. Domain name system (DNS) lookup. Transmission control protocol (TCP) connect. HTTP transaction time. Interpacket delay variance (jitter) of Voice over IP (VoIP) traffic. Response time between end points for a specific quality of service (QoS) IP type of service (ToS) bits.

Packet loss using CSAA generated packets. Configuring the CSAA feature on topics routers can be accomplished using the Cisco Internetwork Performance Monitor (IPM) application. The CSAA/RTR is problems essay, imbedded in many but not all feature sets of the Cisco IOS software. A release of the Cisco IOS software release that supports CSAA/RTR must be installed on Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» the device that IPM uses to collect performance statistics. For a summary of Cisco IOS versions that support CSAA/RTR/IPM, refer to the IPM Frequently Asked Questions website. Additional information regarding IPM includes: User traffic has increased significantly and has placed a higher demand on network resources. Network managers typically have a limited view on essay the types of traffic running in the network. World Essays? User and application traffic profiling provides a detailed view of the traffic in the network. Two technologies, RMON probes and NetFlow, provide the ability to problems of society essay collect traffic profiles. The RMON standards are designed to be deployed in a distributed architecture where agents (either embedded or in standalone probes) communicate with a central station (the management console) via SNMP.

The RFC 1757 RMON standard organizes monitoring functions into nine groups to support Ethernet topologies, and adds a tenth group in RFC 1513 for Token Ring-unique parameters. Fast Ethernet link monitoring is provided in the framework of the RFC 1757 standard, and Fiber-Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) ring monitoring is provided in the framework of both RFC 1757 and RFC 1513. The emerging RFC 2021 RMON specification drives remote monitoring standards beyond the quality world Media Access Control (MAC) layer to the network and application layers. This setup enables administrators to analyze and troubleshoot networked applications such as Web traffic, NetWare, Notes, e-mail, database access, Network File System (NFS), and others. RMON alarms, statistics, history, and host/conversation groups can now be used to proactively monitor and maintain network availability based on application-layer traffic-the most critical traffic in the network. Problems Of Society Essay? RMON2 enables network administrators to continue their deployment of essay on the sharer standards-based monitoring solutions to problems support mission-critical, server-based applications.

The following tables list the functions of the RMON groups. The Cisco NetFlow feature allows detailed statistics of traffic flows to be collected for competition 2011, capacity planning, billing, and troubleshooting functions. Of Society Essay? NetFlow can be configured on individual interfaces, providing information on Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» ОсИ_џИ traffic passing through those interfaces. The following types of information are part of the detailed traffic statistics: Source and destination IP addresses. Input and output interface numbers. TCP/UDP source port and destination ports. Number of bytes and packets in problems essay, the flow. Source and destination autonomous system numbers. IP type of service (ToS)

NetFlow data gathered on network devices is exported to a collector machine. The collector performs functions such as reducing the volume of data (filtering and aggregation), hierarchical data storage, and essay competition, file system management. Cisco provides NetFlow Collector and NetFlow Analyzer applications for gathering and of society essay, analyzing data from gun control amendment essay routers and Cisco Catalyst switches. There are also shareware tools such as cflowd that can collect Cisco NetFlow user datagram protocol (UDP) records. NetFlow data is transported using UDP packets in three different formats: Version 1The original format supported in the initial NetFlow releases. Version 5A later enhancement that added Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) autonomous system information and flow sequence numbers.

Version 7A still later enhancement that added NetFlow switching support for Cisco Catalyst 5000 series switches equipped with a NetFlow feature card (NFFC). Versions 2 through 4 and Version 6 were either not released or are not supported by FlowCollector. Problems? In all three versions, the datagram consists of quality world essays a header and one or more flow records. For more information, refer to the NetFlow Services Solutions Guide white paper. The following table outlines supported Cisco IOS versions for gathering NetFlow data from routers and Catalyst switches.

* Support for NetFlow Export V1, V5, and V8 on Cisco 1600 and 2500 platforms is targeted for Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(T). NetFlow support for these platforms is not available in the Cisco IOS 12.0 mainline release. ** Support for problems, NetFlow V1, V5, and V8 on the AS5300 platform is 2011, targeted for Cisco IOS Software Release 12.06(T). *** MLS and NetFlow data export is supported in Catalyst 5000 series supervisor engine software release 4.1(1) or later. The goal of security management is to problems of society control access to network resources according to local guidelines so that the network cannot be sabotaged (intentionally or unintentionally). A security management subsystem, for example, can monitor users logging on to a network resource, refusing access to quality those who enter inappropriate access codes. Security management is a very broad subject; therefore this area of the document only covers security as related to SNMP and basic device access security. Detailed information on advanced security include: A good security management implementation starts with sound security policies and procedures in place. It is important to create a platform-specific minimum configuration standard for all routers and of society essay, switches that follow industry best practices for security and performance. There are various methods of controlling access on Cisco routers and Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ _йЈ, catalyst switches.

Some of these methods include: Access Control Lists (ACL) User IDs and passwords local to the device. Terminal Access Controller Access Control System (TACACS) TACACS is an of society essay Internet Engineering Task Force (RFC 1492) standard security protocol that runs between client devices on a network and against a TACACS server. TACACS is an authentication mechanism that is used to authenticate the identity of a device seeking remote access to a privileged database. Amendment? Variations of problems TACACS include TACACS+, the AAA architecture that separates authentication, authorization, and accounting functions. TACACS+ is quality essays, used by Cisco to problems of society essay allow a finer control over quality world essays who can access the Cisco device in non-privileged and privileged mode.

Multiple TACACS+ servers can be configured for fault tolerance. With TACACS+ enabled, the router and of society, switch prompts the user for a user name and password. Authentication can be configured for login control or to authenticate individual commands. Authentication is the process of identifying users, including login and password dialog, challenge and response, and messaging support. Authentication is the way a user is identified prior to economic 2011 being allowed access to the router or switch.

There is a fundamental relationship between authentication and of society essay, authorization. The more authorization privileges a user receives, the essay secret sharer stronger the authentication should be. Authorization provides remote access control, including one-time authorization and authorization for problems of society essay, each service that is requested by the user. Essay Secret? On a Cisco router, the authorization level range for essay, users is 0 to 15 with 0 being the lowest level and Џ†±О__ ОК» О«_, 15 the problems of society highest. Accounting allows for the collecting and sending of security information used for billing, auditing, and reporting, such as user identities, start and stop times, and executed commands. Accounting enables network managers to track the services that users are accessing as well as the amount of quality world network resources they are consuming.

The following table lists basic sample commands for using TACACS+, authentication, authorization, and accounting on a Cisco router and essay, a Catalyst switch. Refer to ОК» О«_ the Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting Commands document for more in-depth commands. For more information on how to problems configure AAA to reporting essay monitor and control access to the command-line interface on the Catalyst enterprise LAN switches, refer to the Controlling Access to problems of society the Switch Using Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting document. The SNMP protocol can be used to make configuration changes on reporting essay routers and Catalyst switches similar to those issued from the CLI. Proper security measures should be configured on network devices to prevent unauthorized access and change via SNMP. Community strings should follow the standard password guidelines for length, characters, and difficulty of guessing. It is of society essay, important to competition change the community strings from their public and private defaults. All SNMP management host(s) should have a static IP address and be explicitly granted SNMP communication rights with the network device by that predefined by problems essay IP address and Access Control List (ACL).

Cisco IOS and Cisco Catalyst software provides security features that ensure that only authorized management stations are allowed to perform changes on network devices. SNMP Privilege Level. This feature limits the quality world types of operations that a management station can have on a router. Problems? There are two types of privilege level on routers: Read-Only (RO) and Џ¬___€ ОК» ОсИ_џИ О«_, Read-Write (RW). The RO level only allows a management station to query the router data. It does not allow for configuration commands such as rebooting a router and shutting down interfaces to be performed. Only the RW privilege level can be used to perform such operations.

SNMP Access Control List (ACL) The SNMP ACL feature can be used in conjunction with the SNMP privilege feature to limit specific management stations from requesting management information from of society essay routers. This feature limits specific information that can be retrieved from routers by management stations. It can be used with the SNMP privilege level and ACL features to enforce restricted access of data by Џ†±О__ _йЈ ОсИ_џИ management consoles. For configuration samples of SNMP View, go to of society essay snmp-server view. SNMP version 3 (SNMPv3) provides secure exchanges of management data between network devices and management stations. The encryption and authentication features in SNMPv3 ensure high security in transporting packets to a management console. SNMPv3 is supported in Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0(3)T and later. For a technical overview of gun control essay SNMPv3, go to SNMPv3 documentation. Access Control List (ACL) on Interfaces. The ACL feature provides security measures in preventing attacks such as IP spoofing.

The ACL can be applied on problems of society incoming or outgoing interfaces on routers. Catalyst LAN Switch Security Feature. The IP Permit List feature restricts inbound Telnet and SNMP access to the switch from unauthorized source IP addresses. Syslog messages and SNMP traps are supported to notify a management system when a violation or unauthorized access occurs. A combination of the Cisco IOS security features can be used to manage routers and Catalyst switches. Reporting Essay? A security policy needs to be established that limits the number of management stations capable of accessing the switches and routers.

For more information on problems of society how to increase security on IP networks, go to essay Increasing Security on of society IP Networks. Accounting management is the process used to measure network utilization parameters so that individual or group users on the network can be regulated appropriately for the purposes of accounting or chargeback. Similar to performance management, the first step toward appropriate accounting management is to measure the utilization of all important network resources. Network resource utilization can be measured using the reporting essay Cisco NetFlow and Cisco IP Accounting features. Analysis of the data gathered through these methods provides insight into current usage patterns. A usage-based accounting and problems essay, billing system is an _йЈ ОК» ОсИ_џИ О«_ essential part of any service level agreement (SLA). It provides both a practical way of defining obligations under an SLA and clear consequences for behavior outside the terms of the SLA. The data can be collected via probes or Cisco NetFlow. Cisco provides NetFlow Collector and NetFlow Analyzer applications for gathering and analyzing data from problems of society routers and Catalyst switches. Shareware applications such as cflowd are also used to gather NetFlow data. Reporting Essay? An ongoing measurement of resource use can yield billing information, as well as information assess continued fair and problems, optimal resources.

Some commonly deployed accounting management solutions include: NetFlow Activation and Data Collection Strategy. NetFlow (network flow) is an input side-measurement technology that allows for capturing the data required for network planning, monitoring, and accounting applications. Bible Essay? NetFlow should be deployed on edge/aggregation router interfaces for service providers or WAN access router interfaces for Enterprise customers. Cisco Systems recommends a carefully planned NetFlow deployment with NetFlow services activated on these strategically located routers. NetFlow can be deployed incrementally (interface by interface) and strategically (on well chosen routers), rather than deploying NetFlow on every router on problems the network.

Cisco personnel will work with customers to determine on which key routers and key interfaces NetFlow should be activated based on quality essays the customer's traffic flow patterns, network topology, and architecture. Key deployment considerations include: NetFlow services should be utilized as an edge metering and access list performance acceleration tool and should not be activated on hot core/backbone routers or routers running at very high CPU utilization rates. Understand application-driven data collection requirements. Accounting applications may only require originating and problems essay, terminating router flow information whereas monitoring applications may require a more comprehensive (data intensive) end-to-end view. Understand the impact of gun control and second amendment network topology and routing policy on flow collection strategy. For example, avoid collecting duplicate flows by activating NetFlow on key aggregation routers where traffic originates or terminates and not on backbone routers or intermediate routers which would provide duplicate views of the same flow information. Service providers in the transit carrier business (carrying traffic neither originating nor terminating on their network) may utilize NetFlow Export data for measuring transit traffic usage of problems network resources for accounting and billing purposes.

Cisco IP accounting support provides basic IP accounting functions. By enabling IP accounting, users can see the number of bytes and packets switched through the Cisco IOS software on a source and destination IP address basis. Only transit IP traffic is gun control and second essay, measured and only on an outbound basis. Traffic generated by the software or terminating in the software is not included in the accounting statistics. To maintain accurate accounting totals, the software maintains two accounting databases: an active and a check-pointed database. Cisco IP accounting support also provides information that identifies IP traffic that fails IP access lists. Essay? Identifying IP source addresses that violate IP access lists signals possible attempts to breach security. The data also indicates that IP access list configurations should be verified.

To make this feature available to users, enable IP accounting of economic access list violations using the problems of society ip accounting access-violations command. Users can then display the number of bytes and packets from a single source that attempted to breach security against the access list for the source destination pair. By default, IP accounting displays the number of bible essay topics packets that have passed access lists and were routed. To enable IP accounting, use one of the following commands for each interface in problems, interface configuration mode: To configure other IP accounting functions, use one or more of the following commands in global configuration mode: Was this document helpful? Yes No. Thank you for your feedback.

Related Cisco Support Community Discussions. The Cisco Support Community is a forum for you to ask and on the secret sharer, answer questions, share suggestions, and of society essay, collaborate with your peers. Refer to Cisco Technical Tips Conventions for information on conventions used in this document.

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How to Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume. By Resume Genius. Returning to the workforce is a major decision for any stay at problems, home mom (or dad). Once that difficult choice is made, the next hurdle is not much easier; preparing your resume. Theres not one perfect method to follow. The resume format that you eventually settle on depends upon the employment experience you had prior to gun control and second your time spent raising your child or children as well as what you were doing while at home.

Here are a few examples of resumes for problems essay, stay at on the sharer, home moms with different levels of previous professional experience. Resume for of society essay, a Mom or Dad with lots of Professional Experience. If you fall into this category, the process for making a killer resume is quality world, fairly straightforward. Essay! You already have a strong foundation to build from because of your work history. The major hurdle you face is how to address the time gap.

Choosing the reporting essay proper resume format can take care of this, which in this case is the combination resume. By using a combination resume you focus on your qualifications and skills relevant to the job you are applying to first. Those are then supported with your previous professional experience. Our applicant, Nora Thresher, is looking to rejoin the problems essay professional finance world after taking a few years off due to the birth of quality her first child. She opens her resume with a Qualifications Summary that shows why she would be a great employee before she discusses her work history. Her work history opens with the essay fact that she was self-employed. World Essays! Basically, she worked part-time from home while raising her child, but she doesnt need to mention that . By moving the work history under the Qualification Summary, and by keeping it professional, its enough to avoid raising any initial red flags. She can go into more detail if needed on the cover letter or during the interview. Stay at Home Parent with Professional Experience Resume Template.

2190 Cleveland Ave, Canton, OH 44702. Efficiency and Time Management: Proven track record of completing reports and audits well before deadlines. Problems Of Society Essay! Management Skills: Assisted in and second essay training 3 junior accountants, monitoring their attention to essay detail during the first 30 days of world their tenure. Awards and Recognition: Awarded Employee of the Month 3 times in essay recognition of my tireless work ethic. Quality World! Relevant Job Skills: Adept at of society, creating financial reports that follow GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) and conducting risk analysis using FRAP (Facilitated Risk Analysis Process).

Communication Skills: Excellent written and verbal skills. Proficient with various forms of essays electronic communication such as email, chat and problems of society essay, VoIP applications. PRIVATE PRACTICE Canton, OH. Tax Accountant March 2011 Present. Prepared annual and bible topics, quarterly tax returns for individuals and problems, small businesses. Advised clients on tax related information, such as IRA accounts and charitable donations, saving individuals an quality world essays average of 12% on owed taxes from previous filings. Filed extensions helping clients avoid penalties. Continuously research the Federal Tax Code to ensure all tax protocols are followed correctly. MARCUS ROSS, LLC Cleveland, OH. Financial Advisor July 2008 March 2011.

Reviewed accounts regularly ensuring compliance with both internal and external rules and regulations. Of Society Essay! Used tax and investment strategies to develop financial plans for topics, small and medium-sized businesses. Increased sales of financial products for of society essay, the business an average of 8% each quarter. Forecasted losses and earnings extremely accurately allowing the company to gun control amendment intelligently manage resources. B.S. in Accounting, June 2008. Resume for a Mom or Dad with a Little Previous Work Experience. Even if your work experience is a little lacking, the above resume style is OK for you as well, but you have another option too. The next style of resume is even better if your education is relevant to problems of society essay the position for which you are applying. The first resume focuses on essay on the secret the applicants work related skills and experience. If yours is limited, you can instead start with your education. While our first applicant might only list the name of the university she attended, her major, and the date of graduation, when leading off with your education youll want to give a lot more details . This applicant, Valerie Perkins, doesnt have enough professional experience to problems of society focus on her skills and essays, work history.

She decided to use a Career Objective to show why she would be a great candidate for the open Assistant Manager position followed by her education. Because her work experience is fairly limited, Valerie went more into her education than most professionals would. She listed her GPA because it was over 3.0 and also included coursework thats relevant and the time she spent volunteering. she phrased it just like someone who was working for essay, a large retailer would. She did not lie, nor did she stretch the truth , but she did use words to describe her part-time online sales that were more professional than those shed use while discussing how she earns some extra money to her friends.

Stay at and second essay, Home Parent with Some Experience Resume Template. 1942 Walnut St., Cincinnati, OH 45202. An organized and motivated Customer Service professional with over 6 years of of society experience in consumer relations. Aiming to parlay my proven customer service background and bible essay topics, communication skills to essay effectively fulfilling the requirements of the Assistant Customer Service Manager position. Target your Career Objective to reporting essay each specific job youre applying for. It can be as simple as changing the problems position. CINCINNATI CITY COLLEGE Cincinnati, OH. B.A. in Sociology, June 2007. Relevant Coursework: Speech Communications, Sociology of Work, Sociology of Emotions, Social Psychology.

o Volunteer RA (Resident Advisor) for 2 years. o Volunteer Student Center Social Sciences Tutor. PRIVATE PRACTICE Cincinnati, OH. Online Retailer February 2010 Present. Launched and managed successful online retail shop with an average of $10,000 of sales per essays month. Marketed business through multiple channels including Internet forums, social media, and problems, personal networks. Facilitated customer needs in regards to questions, complaints, and product returns. Continuously researched products manufacturers, customer relations etiquette, and online retail community best practices. Customer Service Representative July 2007 February 2010.

Conferred with customers by telephone or in person to provide information about products or services, take or enter orders, or obtain details of complaints. Directed requests and on the sharer, unresolved issues to appropriate departments. Decreased customer complaints by problems essay 15% over essay competition the previous year by spearheading a new companywide SOP for the handling of essay merchandise returns. Recommended improvements in products and services from firsthand customer feedback to company merchandisers. Introduced customers to V.I.P. membership program, informing them of the annual average savings and other benefits recognized by members. Resume for a Mom or Dad with No Previous Work Experience. The most difficult of all scenarios for a stay at home parent wanting to enter the work force is when you dont have any work experience at all. It gets even more complicated if your education is limited as well. If you have only recently graduated from high school, that is if youre only essay secret sharer a year or two removed, you can always use a resume similar to what a high school student with little or no experience would use.

Find a way to build up some relevant or useful skills and qualifications. A better approach however is to do something to problems essay try and build up some relevant or useful skills and qualifications. Once you have something useful to Џ†±О__ ОК» ОсИ_џИ put on problems of society essay a resume, then you can actually start worrying about fine-tuning your resume and turning into an interview grabbing machine. Here are a few ways to do just that : Volunteering: Hospitals and retirement communities are always in need of volunteers, as are many publicly funded institutions such as libraries and and second amendment essay, museums. Many communities even have Volunteering Centers that help guide you opportunities that you might not find on your own. Freelancing: If you have a computer and Internet access, there are tons of freelancing websites that you can take advantage of problems of society essay like and Do some writing, graphic design, data entry, or anything that you have the tiniest amount of knowledge with to topics give you something to of society put on essay on the secret sharer a resume. Learn New Skills: Employers want to pay you for work that you do.

That means you need to have something to offer them. If you dont have a university degree or any type of secondary education or experience showing your knowledge base, you can bulk up your skill set with some of the free online course that are available. Besides the three suggestions above, anything that you can do to problems help give you some type of marketable skills will go a long way into helping you find a job. Dont be too proud to reporting essay take on a job that you feel is of society essay, beneath you. Even putting in 6 months at a position you dont like can help give you that little extra something that separates your resume from gun control essay other former stay at problems of society, home moms or dads with zero experience. what if being a stay at home mom causes gaps and you dont have any work experience during? or you may have a few months here and there? essentially showing 1yr at this place then another. gap of 2yrs, and starts over again. If you are want to cover up work gaps on your resume, then you may want to reporting essay consider using functional resume format:

Good luck on the job hunt! thank you! ill try it! I am a mom that spent 17 years at problems, home, I home-schooled my kids due to their specific educational needs. During that time I often played administration secretary for my husbands companies and also actively farmed along side him, never had an official title and definitely didnt get payed. On The Sharer! A year ago I started studying BSc Nursing and The only thing I have going for me on essay that is that I made the Vice-chancelors list and a course average of 89.36%. I need to reporting essay write a Resume but the black job description is screaming at me. As well as the professional summary. All of these examples have current work history, What if I have history but am not currently employed? Would it be better to problems essay just list stay at home mom under my history? We suggest using a functional format: This format allows you to gun control and second highlight your relevant skills over your work history.

Good luck on the job hunt! So what if I dropped out of high school because I got pregnant? I know big mistake, but im trying to of society get back on track im currently going to PCC trying to essay get my GED and I have been a stay at home mom for a couple years I worked at of society, a pillow company for a few months but due to childcare issues I had to go back home , I was in economic need of a job so I made my home a daycare I watched kids of all ages for a little over of society 2 years but then I decided I didint want to do this the rest of my life, I loved what I did but I wanted something that really suits me. So now Im really trying to finish school and essay, find a job, all three of my children will start attening full time schooling, and problems of society essay, I feel the need of ОК» О«_ helping my husband provide money for our home and our children, but I have no experience, what should I do? First off, dont sell yourself short by saying you have no experience. As a mother of three, you most certainly have a wealth of of society essay intangible skills that can be applied to most jobs. Gun Control Essay! Also, the problems essay time running your own home daycare can also be considered professional experience. As for your resume, its all about how you sell yourself. The first article will show you how you can make your resume achievement-oriented.

The second article will teach you a resume format that will help cover up your work gaps. Best of luck on the job hunt! It sounds like employers are missing out on a great employee. You may have better luck if you use a functional format, which will help cover up your employment gaps. Check out our guide here:

Hi! I have been a stay at home mom since 2004. I graduated in on the sharer 2003 with a BA in Accounting. I am bilingual (Spanish/English). When my daughters went to school I volunteered in their classrooms. Also, I belong to the schools council. For the last six months, my daughters and problems, I have been rehearsing for a play written by the owner of a nonprofit theater company. I would like to know how to essay on the build a resume from that lack of work experience. Thanks in advance!

Good luck on the job hunt! Hello! So I have been a stay at home mom for 21 years..on top of that all my schooling and prior work experience happened in essay Germany. Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€! I volunteered at problems of society, my childrens school and was the treasurer for the parent club for 6 years mind you that job went from economic 2011 taking over a handwritten note that told me that the club works with a $250 budget to getting everything set up for a non-profit QuickBook account after we made over $80,000.00 in a wine auction and so on.It still seems impossible to write a resume that does not just point out, that I havent worked in 21 years.How do I sell myself? Thank you in advance for trying. Helping to increase the parent club budget from $250 to $80,000 is certainly an essay achievement that employers would be interested to reporting essay see on problems of society your resume. It sounds like your experience as a volunteer treasurer has provided you with plenty of amendment selling points to include on your resume. Since you are worried about your work gap, we suggest trying a functional resume format: Good luck on the job hunt! Hi.

Ive been a stay at problems of society, home mum to 5 children for the past 16 years, and full time carer to my 7 year old with cerebral palsy. We have been living on essay on the secret sharer one income (my husbands), but due to essay unforeseen circumstances we are struggling financially. I would like to get a job in retail or similar, packing shelves or cleaning, anything is fine, as long as its in the evenings when hubby can be at home watching the children. My job before having kids, was as a carer, and in my late teens I worked as a checkout operator at Woolworths. How should I set up my resume to get into reporting essay a casual retail type position? Thanks in problems essay advance, Take a look at our retail resume samples: They should give you a good idea of how you can format your own resume. Best of reporting essay luck! Not sure which functional formats you saw, but those that we offer on this page do not include the dates of your work history.

As long as you have the bullet points to back up your claim, then that will work. Good luck! It depends what job you are applying for. If youre looking to essay get back into reporting essay healthcare, then we suggest using a functional format: Does the problems job you are applying for have educational requirements? Even if the competition 2011 job description does not expressly list educational requirements, most employers want to know that you have at least graduated high school. Youll have to get creative with the references you choose. Friends, neighbors, people from church are all in play. Problems Essay! Anyone who can speak to the quality of reporting essay your character is a good choice.

Good Luck on the Job Hunt! Yes, online courses help, but you should also consider doing some volunteer work as well. Id first advise you to emphasize your cashier experience. Employers often value such experience over other parts of problems of society essay your resume, so be sure to highlight it. You can also try using a functional resume format to downplay your work history. Essays! Check out our page on how to make that happen You can include stay-at-home parent in your experience section too, but see if you can quantify that a bit. Did you handle the problems family finances during that time?

What about volunteer work? If you have any relevant experiences from essays your time in high school, you could list those too (projects you were involved with, leadership roles, etc.). Also, emphasize your skills section and consider learning new skills that will make you a stronger candidate ( There are a variety of problems ways to improve your chances of landing work, and honing your resume (while learning some new useful abilities) is one effective approach. Good luck on the job hunt! Share How to competition 2011 Write a Stay at Home Mom Resume Our code geeks and problems essay, HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Play the world essays One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and problems, learn how to essays make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of essay a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template.

Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for bible essay topics, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for problems, a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. Essay! LinkedIn Labs. What are the of society differences between the major online resume builders?

Here's an in depth analysis of essay what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on of society some of the world's leading online and bible essay, offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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Attitudes to Sponsored and Branded Content (Native Advertising) Traditional display advertising on problems of society essay, the web is in trouble. Fewer people are clicking on secret sharer, banners, yields for publishers are static or falling, and many users shut off ads completely. Essay! YouGovs research for this report shows that in both the US and UK between a third and a half of economic 2011 online news users use software that blocks the most popular forms of display advertising. Against this background it is not surprising that content providers, brands, and platforms are looking for problems of society essay, new and better ways to reach and engage audiences. Budgets are switching to so-called native advertising where brand messages look more like regular content sitting in _йЈ ОсИ_џИ the same templates and using the same formats that might be used for a standard piece of journalism or a user-generated post on of society essay, social media. This essay looks at what people think about these new and sometimes controversial forms of advertising.

Using survey evidence and economic 2011 focus group interviews in the UK and US we explore consumer attitudes towards this form of sponsored content and the issues of problems of society labelling and trust that surround it. Sponsored or branded content is not a totally new phenomenon. Newspapers have been producing advertorials and special supplements paid for by advertisers for decades but somehow the separation seems clearer in a physical product. In social media, sponsored posts now sit cheek by gun control, jowl with regular updates and content posts. Formats and functionality are identical, labelling is understated and brands are learning fast how to adapt their messaging to be part of problems of society a conversation not a broadcast. Facebook and Twitter are building billion dollar businesses on enabling this approach.

New media platforms like Buzzfeed and Vice have also turned their back on display and already make the majority of their money from native advertising formats. They have set up digital commercial teams to develop viral moments for brands articles, lists, infographics, videos, or full-blown web documentaries. In the example here a Buzzfeed list is repurposed to make a fun item for young people around different ways to quality essays use tequila in problems of society essay cooking. The item was paid for by Sauza ® tequila. Venture capitalists are investing millions of dollars in companies like Buzzfeed because they have learned to use technology to develop and perfect formats like listicles and quizzes that resonate with internet users of a particular demographic. Effectively, theyve built world-class systems for content creation, analytics, and Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ ОсИ_џИ О«_ advertising. Over the of society essay past year, traditional publishers have been trying to learn from bible topics this approach and have set up their own digital studios to do something similar. The New York Times (T Brand Studio), the Guardian (Guardian Labs 1 ), and the Wall Street Journal have invested heavily in problems of society essay a tacit endorsement of the emerging practice.

In one of the most successful examples to date, the New York Times published a 1500 word native ad 2 for the Netflix series Orange is the quality New Black , using video, charts, and audio to supplement text about female incarceration in the US. Problems Essay! It was one of the first pieces of sponsored content generated by a new T Brand Studio, a nine-person team dedicated to the task. The Guardian is also creating paid post formats as well as pursuing more traditional approaches where journalists create content independently but still paid for by an advertiser. Unilever paid over ?1m for a range of quality world essays content to be produced on problems essay, the subject of quality world sustainable living. The section and the articles were clearly marked Sponsored by Unilever, but in of society essay other respects the essay on the content melded into the overall Guardian experience. Definitions and problems essay approaches to sponsored and branded content are varied and still emerging. There is no standard approach to quality world essays labelling and a number of publishers have been caught out, such as when The Atlantic admitted to misjudgements over a Church of Scientology sponsored post. 3 While the IAB has announced some plans in the UK to start rolling out regulations for native advertising and sponsored content, its still early days and consumers think more work is needed. As part of the of society Digital News Report 2015 , we included questions relating to native advertising in the survey for both USA and UK. Bible! We followed this up with online focus groups in the same markets to explore attitudes in problems of society further detail. In the UK, all respondents were members of our YouGov Pulse panel, our passive web tracking tool.

We used web browsing data to select respondents who had engaged with native advertising content, and compared stated attitudes and perceptions alongside actual behaviours of consuming native content. Many consumers are losing patience with traditional forms of online advertising and there seems to be a close relationship between the amount of interruption caused and gun control essay the vitriol consumers feel towards it. Around three in ten respondents in both the USA (29%) and problems of society UK (31%) say they find traditional banner advertising distracting and will actively avoid sites where they interfere with the content too much. Static banner advertising is more tolerable for readers than video advertising, with pop-up advertising being seen as the worst offender of all. There is also a perception that video advertising impacts on essay competition, the speed of browsing, which is also particularly frustrating for readers. Self-playing videos are the devils [sic] creation. Youre browsing the problems of society news late at night and suddenly an ad for laxatives is blasting out from your laptop at full volume! The most intrusive advertising I encounter is on the website for my local paper. Huge pop up videos before you can access content. If they werent auto playing they wouldnt be so annoying.

Pop ups irritate me the gun control and second essay most. Problems Of Society! I dont like video adverts, but I can live with them because I never willingly listen to Џ†±О__ them. Banner advertising doesnt really bother me because I just ignore it. Pop ups are most annoying, particularly if you are browsing on a phone as sometimes they can be really hard to close down. Consumers annoyance with advertising and the interruption it causes to their reading experience has led large numbers of of society them to gun control and second amendment essay install ad-blocking software to minimise its impact.

In the UK, 39% have installed ad-blocking software on problems of society, their PC, mobile, or tablet, whereas in bible essay topics the US this rises to 47%. The figures are even higher for 1824s (56% and of society 55% respectively). Attitudes to traditional banner advertising. QSpons1. Which of the following statements best sums up your view of traditional banner advertising on essay on the secret, news websites? Base: Total sample UK = 2149, US = 2295. Attitudes to ad blocking software. QSpons2. Do you regularly use Ad Blocking software (software you have installed on your device specifically to remove advertisements from news or other websites)? Base: Total sample UK = 2149, US = 2295.

Many consumers agree that advertising is a necessary part of continuing to problems essay get free news. However, the increasing use of ad-blocking software means that advertisers need to find new ways of reaching their audiences, and native content has the potential to reach audiences, particularly younger consumers. After respondents in the quantitative survey were shown a number of native advertising articles, a relatively high proportion reported having come across this type of content before. In the quality world US, over one in three (35%) said they frequently or often see sponsored content, compared to essay around a fifth (21%) in the UK. QSpons3. How often do you see this kind of sponsored content in online news sites these days?

Base: Total sample UK = 2149, US = 2295. There is however much confusion over the language around sponsored content and ОК» ОсИ_џИ О«_ native advertising. For example, one member of our focus group in the US confidently and spontaneously talked about seeing more native advertising. However, once we delved further into it, we found they were actually describing retargeted advertising, based on their browsing history. There is a perception that readers are disappointed or feel deceived if they later find out content was sponsored by a brand or company. In the problems essay UK, a third (33%) have felt disappointed or deceived, a level that rises to more than four in ten (43%) in the US. The higher figure in the US could be down to the fact that native advertising is more prevalent there. I have felt disappointed or deceived after reading an article which I only discovered later was sponsored by a brand/company.

QSpons5. In general terms, to what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? (Please select one option on each row.) Base: Total sample UK = 2149, US = 2295. There are stark differences by age, with younger respondents considerably less likely to feel they are being deceived by native content. This is likely to be down to reporting essay a number of factors. First, they have grown up in a commercial world, with brands firmly ingrained in problems their lives. Secondly, they are more likely to visit sites such as Buzzfeed, which are considered to be more about fun news and therefore a more natural environment for sponsored content.

Native advertising is more established and more prevalent on reporting essay, these sorts of sites. We also found a great deal of problems inconsistency in the labelling of sponsored content across different news sites, to the extent that frequently readers arent aware of what they are looking at before they start reading an topics, article. Paid for, Sponsored by, Promoted are words used to signpost native advertising content, with some meaning one thing on problems of society, some sites and Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» another on a different site. The Guardian website has a page that outlines clearly the definitions of of society essay each of the terms it uses, however this is a bit like the terms and and second amendment essay conditions pages which are rarely read. In order to reduce levels of perceived deception, the industry needs to adopt consistent and clear signposting across different sites if all consumers are to have faith in what they are reading. The type of content influencing perceptions.

With this trust comes a responsibility to ensure that readers are not misled. Many in problems our focus groups felt that there are some content areas such as home and world news, politics, and financial news that should be considered sacred and free from native advertising. These hard lines in the eyes of the consumer are well-illustrated by these responses: News, politics, finance, for essay, sure [are a no-no for native advertising]. Those are the topics you dont want people messing with for profit. Helena, 36, UK, spent around 1.30 minutes reading Netflix/New York Times native advertising. The news press are there also to hold politicians, business and problems of society other interest groups to account. If any of them are seen to be influenced by them then they will suffer i.e.

HSBC. Alan, 31, UK, has visited the Guardian Cities site three times over the last year, and spent around 9 minutes on the site. If the news brand wants to be seen as independent and trusted then news, politics, business should not be influenced by commerce. Emily, 27, UK, spent 3 minutes reading Netflix/New York Times native advertising. I dont want to see coverage of _йЈ ОсИ_џИ human rights in of society Papua brought to me by secret, the companies who make soap out of palm oil. Respondents tell us that, should the brands start introducing native advertising to the more serious news content areas, it would have a damaging impact on their perceptions of the news organisation.

On the other hand, less serious areas of news, such as entertainment, lifestyle, fashion, travel, and motoring, are deemed to problems essay be more suitable environments for native advertising. This could be due to the fact that brands are already an important part of the landscape in these areas and therefore respondents are more open to hearing from gun control amendment essay them on these subjects. They also feel that their decisions in these areas may have little long-term impact. Lying or deceiving me about essay, these topics will have no lasting effects on my life. I think the Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ ОК» rule of thumb should be if the industry is already reliant on advertising (movies, lifestyle, sports, etc.) then its OK. But not news and politics. Of Society Essay! Thats not commercial or it shouldnt be.

I wouldnt care who wrote it if it was informative and interesting. Economic 2011! I would only be annoyed if I read a story and realised it was advertising half way through. Eleanor, 32, UK, spent time reading Daily Mail/Now TVs The Warrior Plan: 8 ways to get a body like a Game of Thrones hotty Does it hurt news brands or advertisers? In general, the majority of problems of society essay news audiences say that sponsored content has neither a positive nor negative impact on Џ†±О__ _йЈ ОК», either the brand in question or the news organisation that carries the essay content. Around a fifth (22% in US and quality essays 21% in UK) say that they have a less positive view of the brand paying for an advert. However, the impact on of society, the news organisation that carries the ad is more negative, with 28% of quality UK and US respondents having a less positive view of the problems of society news brand.

Impact on brand and news organisation. Scroll data area to see more. Base: All who saw this kind of sponsored content in gun control and second online news sites UK = 1374, US = 1761. Younger consumers are more open to native advertising on news brands. Almost a fifth (19%) of 1824 year olds and 15% of 2534 year olds in the US say they feel more positive towards the of society essay brand. In the UK, 13% of 1824 year olds say they feel more positive towards the brand, a figure that falls to 11% amongst 2534 year olds. The proportion saying they feel more positive towards the news organisation is slightly lower, but again younger respondents are more positive than older ones. When talking to respondents in more detail about specific examples, there were significant differences between the gun control and second UK and problems of society the USA.

In the quality world US, the reaction to a Buzzfeed article sponsored by Sauza tequila (12 Holiday Treats to Spike with Tequila) was very positive. The respondents thought that the of society article contained some interesting tips and they werent put off at all by a brand sponsoring it. However, in the UK we showed an article sponsored by Renault and the content was perceived to be not really engaging enough to positively impact respondents perceptions of the Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ ОсИ_џИ О«_ brand. Furthermore, Buzzfeed wasnt perceived to be a serious news site by these respondents. However, it was a different story when we showed respondents a New York Times article sponsored by Netflix (Women Inmates: Why the Male Model Doesnt Work). The reaction from the UK audience was significantly more positive than both their response to the Buzzfeed case study and also the feedback from consumers in the US. I think this is problems essay, a very slick looking article.

Relevant to gun control essay the product being advertised but seems to be informative and in-depth. Alan, 31, spent around a minute reading the Guardian Witness page, powered by EE. The problem is if I see this in problems of society the NYT, I assume an editor vetted the quality article and read it and edited it. Who vouches for the author? Among UK consumers, the New York Times content was perceived to be informative and interesting, while the sponsorship was perceived to problems of society essay be relevant and gun control and second a good fit. In the US the response was a little more mixed. Some found the content interesting, whilst others felt perturbed that it was advertising dressed up as news the Buzzfeed example to them wasnt pretending to be news. In the US, some respondents were surprised to see such content on the New York Times site as to them it is a respected and trusted brand.

One notable example that failed to engage with UK consumers was a content partnership between Unilever and the Guardian . Readers immediately picked up that it had a different tone to the content they would normally expect to see in the Guardian and described the content as bland. This example highlights the need for content to reflect a sites editorial style and tone in order for readers to find the content engaging and credible. It feels a little measured, un-noteworthy. Problems Of Society! It doesnt feel especially like the Guardian so I suspect someone from Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОсИ_џИ Unilevers ad agency [produced the content]. Gavin, 34, visited the Telegraph Mens Lifestyle Guide sponsored by Braun. This flags up an problems essay, interesting paradox. Essay! Readers appear to problems of society be more engaged with content that replicates the style and reporting essay tone of the news brand, but as a result, are more likely to feel misled and deceived by the news brand.

While news brands have much to gain from this new form of online advertising, the danger of of society essay further blurring of the bible essay topics line between advertising and editorial could harm the credibility of problems news brands, with little lasting impact on advertisers. Consumer attitudes show that, when it comes to native advertising, the quality essays stakes are far higher for news brands than for essay, advertisers. Is the content itself interesting? Relatively few people say that sponsored content is an interesting way to hear about topics and gun control amendment essay subjects that are relevant to them. In the UK just 14% like getting information in this way, a figure that increases to over one in five (22%) in the US.

It is younger consumers who are more likely to find native advertising content more interesting, although, as mentioned earlier, older respondents are less likely to visit the sites where sponsored content is more prevalent, such as Buzzfeed. Sponsored or branded content is an interesting way to problems of society hear about a topic or subject that is relevant to me. QSpons5. In general terms, to what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? (Please select one option on economic competition 2011, each row.) Base: Total sample UK = 2149, US = 2295.

Traditional forms of online advertising are struggling to have an impact. The more it interrupts the reading experience, the more negative consumers views are towards it. Therefore brands need to find new ways to communicate with audiences, and sponsored content has the problems potential to do this; however, the type of content needs to be a natural fit to amendment essay both the site and readers perceptions of the problems of society site. Broadly speaking, there are two types of sponsored content that we found to be of bible essay interest to respondents. Problems! The first is something practical and/or useful, but potentially more fun (such as the type of content found on topics, Buzzfeed).

The second is something that is more serious in nature, is informative, and where there is a clear link between the content and the brand (for example, the types of thing you might find in an online version of a broadsheet newspaper). However, for broadsheets, native advertising is more of essay a minefield than it is for entertainment sites. World Essays! Current affairs, business, finance, and politics sections are generally considered to be sacred by problems of society, consumers and competition 2011 readers feel that these areas should be free of commercial influence and retain an problems of society essay, independent view. Quality Essays! Consumers are open to reading sponsored content in areas such as entertainment, travel, fashion, and lifestyle as these are considered to be more appropriate environments for sponsored content. It is clear that consumers want to see clear labelling and signposting of paid-for content.

Readers dont like to feel they are being deceived; however, if they know up-front that a brand may have influenced the problems essay content, consumers are more accepting. To help maintain levels of trust, the gun control and second amendment language used should be standardised across news sites as much as possible. Sponsored content has great potential for brands to reach audiences, particularly younger consumers. But whoever brands are trying to reach, the content has to essay be of value to the audience to have an impact. The content also needs to be a natural fit for the publication anything that jars with a consumers perception of what should be on a site may be dismissed by readers. If these principles can be followed, then sponsored content has a chance of being embraced by online audiences, allowing brands to overcome some of the quality world issues that readers currently have with online advertising. Juliet Tate contributed additional research to this essay.

NEW (October 23): Supplementary report. Data and analysis from problems six additional countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Turkey. 2017 Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.

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essaye tokio Welcome to Hyperion Records, an independent British classical label devoted to presenting high-quality recordings of music of all styles and from all periods from the twelfth century to essay, the twenty-first. Hyperion offers both CDs, and downloads in bible essay topics, a number of formats. The site is also available in several languages. Please use the dropdown buttons to set your preferred options, or use the checkbox to accept the defaults. Schola Cantorum of Oxford, James Burton (conductor) Exeter College Chapel, Oxford, United Kingdom. Produced by Adrian Peacock. Engineered by Andrew Mellor. Release date: January 2010. Total duration: 72 minutes 8 seconds.

Private Collection / Bridgeman Art Library, London. Einojuhani Rautavaaras reputation as one of the greatest living Finnish composers is assured. Once Sibeliuss protege, over his long career he has achieved success in a great number of musical genres, particularly that of opera. But it is his choral works that have made him a household name, both in his native country and problems, internationally. Topics? Recorded here is a fascinating selection of problems of society essay works, including the Suite de Lorca one of the most popular Finnish choral works of reporting essay all timeand all demostrating the unique style forged by the composer on problems of society essay, his travels through the bible, musical fashions of the twentieth century. His rich and sonorous neo-Romantic textures have a steely modernist edge and the resulting voice is one that is deeply attractive and approachable, yet endlessly captivating. He sets texts of great passion and complexity and does not hold back from expressing deep emotion. Rautavaaras music is essay, performed by the Schola Cantorum of Oxford, described in The Times as Oxfords classy intercollegiate choir and highly acclaimed for gun control and second amendment essay, their two previous recordings for Hyperion.

The choir is conducted by problems, James Burton. Describing the music is almost as difficult as describing the man. Rautavaara has an extensive output that covers nearly all genres: symphonies, concertos, operas, chamber music, solo songs, works for solo instruments, and choral works. He began his career in topics, the neoclassical style that was the of society essay, mainstream in Finnish music after the Second World War. In the essays, 1950s, he took up dodecaphony and even dabbled in problems, total serialism before turning to a free-tonal, neo-Romantic style in the 1970s. Despite these apparently abrupt shifts, however, his idiom is always recognizable, and the style of his late period is a synthesis of everything that has gone before. It can be a surprise to world essays, realize that his rich and sonorous neo-Romantic textures are actually governed by twelve-tone rows, as we shall see later. It is impossible to be seriously involved in choral music in Finland and not come across Rautavaaras music. Of Society? Many of his pieces are choral household names, and Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» ОсИ_џИ, not just in Finlandhis Suite de Lorca is problems of society essay, internationally one of the most popular Finnish choral works of all time.

Yet he never had any particular ambition to Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ _йЈ О«_, write choral music, and of society essay, the motivation for writing many of secret these works was financial desperation. Problems? In his free-form autobiography, Omakuva (Self-portrait, 1989), he remarks: I never considered myself a choral composer in particular, nor did I try to _йЈ ОсИ_џИ О«_, become one. But choirs were very active patrons of music in those days [the 1970s] and commissioned new works. My great choral works such as Vigilia and True False Unicorn would never have been written without a choir taking the initiative, and many, ultimately innumerable choral works were written for a specific need, as competition pieces or for a choir tour. Another great a cappella choral work we might mention is the expansive and demanding sixteen-minute Katedralen . Rautavaara has often compared composing to gardening. Both are about the observing and monitoring of organic growth, not so much about constructing or assembling from pre-existing parts and elements. Accordingly, in his output, pieces and genres feed on one another as he revisits and reshapes musical material from new aspects or for new purposes. A musical idea may emerge in a choral work and end up dovetailed into a symphony or an opera, or vice versa. For example, some of Rautavaaras early piano music fed into his opera Aleksis Kivi , which in turn yielded the choral suite Halavan himmean alla (In the shade of the of society, willow).

It is illustrative of Rautavaaras stylistic progress that when he revised a quasi-aleatoric orchestral work whimsically titled Regular Sets of Elements in a Semi-Regular Situation (1971), he named the revised version Garden of Spaces (2003). The diminutive Suite de Lorca (1973) is essay on the sharer, a prime example of just how difficult it is to predict what will become a hit. Rautavaara wrote the piece as a companion to his Childrens Mass and of society, entered both in bible, a composition competition organized by his home city of Espoo. Rautavaara had no great expectations regarding the Suite. But while the Mass won first prize, it is rarely performed nowadays; the Suite won third prize yet is today one of the most popular Finnish choral works of all time. This may have something to do with how the essay, piece packs a considerable impact in its short duration. Economic Competition? Consisting of four brief but intense pieces, it is essentially a study in the use of symmetrical scales (alternating tones and semitones). Cancion de jinete (Riding song) is based on problems of society, a monomaniac galloping rhythm, while El grito (The scream) is based on, well, a scream.

La luna asoma (The moon rises) features moon music foreshadowing similar passages on similar texts in Katedralen and Cancion de nuestro tiempo , while the parallel chords of essay topics Malaguena mimic the of society essay, strumming of a guitar. In the early 1990s the Tokyo Philharmonic Chorus commissioned Rautavaara to write an bible topics, extensive choral work, specifying that the text and music were to have a relationship to the world of today. The result was the Cancion de nuestro tiempo (1993), for which Rautavaara chose poems by Federico Garcia Lorca which, though written in problems essay, the 1920s and 1930s, he felt were still very relevant. The first of the ОК» ОсИ_џИ, works three movements, Fragmentos de agonia (Fragments of agony), shows the harsh, inhuman world of industrial society and war through surrealist poetic images. The mechanical ostinato progresses inexorably; the parallel with the opening of the Suite de Lorca , written two decades earlier to a text by essay, the same poet, is clear. Gun Control Amendment? Finally, the moon rises (echoing another passage in the Suite de Lorca ). Problems Of Society? The musical material here is derived from the same twelve-tone row as Rautavaaras Seventh Symphony and Die erste Elegie . Meditacion primera y ultima (First and last meditation) is built on a recurring Rautavaara device: a mid-range sound field with superimposed melodies. The material here is Џ¬___€ ОсИ_џИ, adapted from problems a scene in the opera Thomas , and Rautavaara later orchestrated it for his Eighth Symphony. Gun Control Essay? The sound-field device appears in more organized form in Canticum Mariae virginis , and also in the more extensive Katedralen . In Ciudad sin sueno (Sleepless city), Rautavaara so strongly identified the powerful imagery of the poem with the then current situation in world politics that he subtitled the movement Nocturno del Sarajevo . The opening of the movement, with piercing cries over problems essay a steady pulsation, is very similar to essay secret sharer, that of problems essay Die erste Elegie . World Essays? The melodic material in problems of society essay, the soprano part progresses largely in parallel fourths and is flavoured with small glissandos. Despite the nocturno character, there are passionate outbursts and powerful emotions in the music. Though the beginning and end of essay topics Canticum Mariae virginis (1978) sound like an problems essay, aleatoric sound field surrounded by bible essay topics, soprano and bass melodies, the music here is precisely notated.

Organized symmetrically in many ways, the work opens with a strict ten-part canon for altos and tenors on a melody which is in itself symmetricala palindrome. The soprano and bass melodies that appear above and below this field are mirror images of one another, and the finest example of problems essay symmetry in the work appears at the words Beatam me dicent, a section which is even graphically symmetric in the score, the high soprano and low bass utterances being symmetrically placed on the page. In the canon sections, the initial harmony with semitone tensions eventually resolves into a calmer, pentatonic harmony. Towards the end, this is joined by bell-like tones (come campani) in the bass part. The fragmented motifs in parallel fourths, sung by the sopranos, as well as the overall principle of essay secret symmetric organization, reappear in the Magnificat and of society essay, also in Katedralen . Closely related to Џ¬___€ _йЈ О«_, Canticum Mariae virginis and to the non-ecclesiastical Nirvana Dharma (1979), the Magnificat (1979) is of society, a five-movement setting of the Canticle of the Virgin Mary in bible essay topics, Latin. Problems Of Society? As in the other two pieces, the main compositional principle is symmetry. On The Secret Sharer? In the first movement, Magnificat, the altos and problems of society, tenors sing pentatonic harmonies around which the reporting essay, sopranos and basses weave their melodies. The structure is twofold, the transition highlighted by a transformation of the harmonic material. Quia respexit begins with a theme sung by soprano and alto soloists under which the women of the choir spin a diatonic field in parallel triads. The male voices sing a canon underneath this structure.

Fecit potentiam is essay, a short, rhythmic piece based on a parallel minor triad motif with countersubjects. Bible Essay Topics? Suscepit Israel opens with a speech choir out of which an E minor tonality emerges and concludes with a beautiful three-part canon in of society essay, the womens voices. The final Gloria opens with a slow, part-aleatoric and almost chant-like structure. The music builds to a climax reminiscent of the bell music in Canticum Mariae virginis and then goes into quality essays, an almost martial declamation of the text Sicut erat in principio, with open parallel fifths creating a severe and of society, archaic feel as the Џ†±О__ Џ¬___€ _йЈ ОК» ОсИ_џИ, work progresses to of society, a dynamic conclusion. Before Our joyfulst feast (2008), a recent addition to his catalogue, Rautavaara had written two Christmas hymns, both of them arrangements separated from bible essay their original context: Joulun virsi (Christmas hymn), a brief partsong, was originally the final song of the solo song cycle Pyhia paivia (Holy days, 1953); Marjatan jouluvirsi (Marjattas Christmas hymn) was originally the final song of the mystery play Marjatta matala neiti (Marjatta, lowly maiden), a setting of the Nativity as told in a folk tale in the Finnish national epic, written for the Tapiola Choir in 1975. Rautavaara wrote in his programme notes: When the Helsinki Chamber Choir and Nils Schweckendiek wished to commission me to write a choral work to be performed at the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) Christmas concert, I decided to set texts from two English Renaissance poets: two extracts from Shakespeares plays and of society, a section from an extensive Christmas poem by his contemporary George Wither.

These have a robust Renaissance joyfulness which I feel suits a European Christmas, even five hundred years later. Rautavaara has written several operas featuring a central character based on an actual historical person: Thomas (1985; a semi-mythical thirteenth-century Bishop of Finland); Vincent (1987; van Gogh); Aleksis Kivi (1996); and reporting essay, Rasputin (2003). Aleksis Kivi (1834 1872) was a Finnish author who enjoyed some success in his lifetime but was driven to depression and an early death by devastating criticism of his Realist prose, which clashed with then current Romantic values. He was posthumously hailed as a genius, and his Seitseman veljesta (Seven brothers) is the first novel written in Finnish. In Rautavaaras opera Aleksis Kivi , poems by Kivi are sung by the title character outside the stage action in a sort of problems of society arioso format, with a steadily pulsing chordal background.

When Rautavaara was asked to reporting essay, write a new choral work for of society essay, a festival of economic essay 2011 his music in Minnesota in 1999, he decided to adapt extracts from the opera for choir, and titled the work Halavan himmean alla (In the shade of the willow). Of Society? The original baritone melody is largely doubled in octaves, and the lugubrious orchestration is reporting essay, reproduced in a sonorous choral texture. The first song, Ikavyys (Melancholy), sets a sombre tone with a string of minor chords, again governed by a twelve-tone row. The second, Laulu oravasta (Song of the squirrel), appears to be in a more positive mood, but the problems of society, poem is pure escapism and in its original setting (in the novel Seitseman veljesta ) represents a longing for a carefree life in the woods away from society. Topics? The third, Sydameni laulu (Song of my heart), comes towards the end of the opera.

It is an achingly poignant poem known to virtually all Finns and best known musically in the setting by Sibelius, the popularity of which initially made Rautavaara hesitate to set this text in his opera. Ein jeder Engel ist schrecklich. (Every angel is terrible.) This line in Die erste Elegie of Rainer Maria Rilke (18751926)the first of the Duino Elegies summarizes how Rautavaara conceives angels to be: terrible to behold. Problems? A reading of Rilkes complex and ambiguous verse prompts the idea that angels are terrible because they treat the living and the dead in the same way, and that the living cannot withstand this. Rautavaara had been familiar with Rilkes elegies ever since he was a student in Vienna in the 1950s, but it was not until he received a commission from reporting essay Europa Cantat that he finally thought the time had come to set one of problems them to music. Following on from earlier instrumental angel works, Die erste Elegie emerged together with, and related to, his Seventh Symphony, which acquired the sub-title Angel of bible essay Light. For all that it is a twelve-tone piece, Die erste Elegie is a sonorous and very accessible work. From its opening cries over a soft chord pulsation it progresses through textures both thick and thin, sometimes stopping to dwell on a solo voice or reducing the music to problems, only two or three voice parts. Towards the end the music becomes more static; but finally the third occurrence of a recurring harmonic motif over an F sharp pedal point, setting a section of the text relating the story of the birth of music in Greek myth, takes the work to an inspiring conclusion in a blaze of reporting essay C major.

Jaakko Mantyjarvi 2010. Exeter College Chapel, Oxford, United Kingdom. Produced by of society, Adrian Peacock. Engineered by Andrew Mellor. Release date: January 2010. Total duration: 72 minutes 8 seconds.

Private Collection / Bridgeman Art Library, London.